Jinan container recycling industry chain, a freight forwarding company shouldering the task of "connecting the preceding and the following", also has a deep feeling of "lack of containers". It is understood that the shortage of containers began to appear in the second half of 2020, and the phenomenon of "lack of containers and less containers" has spread in major ports. People from several freight forwarding companies told container recycling that in the first half of this year, the situation of "one container is difficult to find" is particularly obvious. Sometimes, the team even needs to "grab" the container in the middle of the night. In addition, the booking time of containers is also different from that in previous years. It is possible to book containers 15-25 days in advance.
"Since the outbreak, European and American countries have transferred a large number of orders back to China from Southeast Asia, resulting in a surge in China's export trade. A large number of containers are exported abroad and can not be returned in time. For commercial purposes, shipping companies prefer empty ships to return to China for loading rather than pull back empty containers and imported heavy containers, resulting in a large number of containers staying abroad."
In fact, lack of containers is only one of the many problems faced by these trading companies. Due to the serious epidemic in foreign countries, the serious shortage of wharf workers and loading and unloading equipment, the wharf loading and unloading operation cycle is prolonged, and a large number of shipping schedules are stranded in the anchorage and unable to enter the port for unloading, resulting in large-scale delay of shipping schedules or jumping from the port, and the whole shipping schedule is chaotic, which also brings the situation of "difficult demand for first class". In addition, since the beginning of this year, China's foreign trade export volume has continued to grow. At the same time, with the continuous rise of transportation costs such as sea and air transportation, it has brought great pressure to foreign trade enterprises that trade on CIF or FOB terms. "The high freight cost has caused many buyers to suspend transactions or cancel order plans."
"For example, the port of shipment is at *, and the port of destination is Lin Chaban's 20 foot general cabinet. The freight rate before the epidemic was US $260, and the current price has reached US $2400." A freight forwarder from * pointed out to the container recycling.
*The relevant person in charge of a foreign trade enterprise in the field of biological manufacturing admitted in an interview with container recycling that the congestion problem at the destination port is extremely serious due to the lack of operation and loading and unloading manpower at the destination port. At present, the shipping schedule delay, tight positions, high freight and other problems have brought great difficulties and instability to the shipment of import and export enterprises.
The heavy external pressure * of container recycling in Jinan finally affected the order situation of foreign trade enterprises. The person from the foreign trade enterprise told the container recycling that, on the one hand, some ports were jumped or stopped due to frequent sharp price increases, resulting in disorder in the enterprise's production plan and shipping plan; On the other hand, some ships need to stay at the transit port, resulting in delayed delivery of goods, which reduces the deliverability between enterprises and customers, reduces customer satisfaction, and reduces the amount of orders signed by enterprises, "Every import and export enterprise staff is based on their performance. However, due to the shipping problem this year, FOB customers have difficulty in booking space, resulting in the delay in the completion of enterprise plans, the delay in payment collection, and the delay or failure to achieve profits; while CIF full prepayment customers bear the risk of marine freight encroaching on profits caused by the sharp rise of shipping prices."
It is also pointed out that at present, many companies are unable to unload at American ports, which also leads to various miscellaneous fees such as port congestion fee and storage fee. Moreover, failure to unload will also increase the collection risk and make buyers abandon the goods. However, the destruction of goods also requires additional costs. For example, the destruction cost of ten cubic meters of goods in the United States is about 1000 US dollars, All derived expenses * will eventually be borne by the seller. This situation has led to many disputes.
"For our foreign trade enterprises, there is no way to solve the current problems. We can only start from the company's strategy and consider the transfer of export to domestic sales and self production and self sales, but this will affect the profits of the enterprise." The aforementioned * foreign trade enterprises sighed.
At the world's largest container terminal, smart heavy trucks start from Yangshan Port terminal, drive through the East China Sea Bridge and arrive at the deep-water port logistics park, which is China's first intelligent driving container transshipment business.
Jinan container recycling, under the active coordination and organization of the Municipal Transportation Committee, the group, Shanggang group, China Mobile and other project implementation units worked closely together, after more than two years of technical iteration, pilot operation, tracking evaluation, exploration and summary
Intelligent heavy truck has the advantages of improving operation capacity, reducing emissions and reducing manual investment. At present, the annual throughput of Yangshan Port has reached 20 million TEUs, the traffic pressure of Donghai Bridge is increasing, and the intelligent heavy truck can greatly improve the traffic efficiency. In the future, smart heavy trucks will also use pure electricity or hydrogen energy to become greener.